Saturday, November 17, 2012

Hatti Kankana(ಹತ್ತಿ ಕಂಕಣ) and Unne Kankana(ಉಣ್ಣೆ ಕಂಕಣ)

Among the fascinating customs of Kuruba Gowdas is also the use of Hatti Kankana(ಹತ್ತಿ ಕಂಕಣ) and Unne Kankaka(ಉಣ್ಣೆ ಕಂಕಣ ) during marriages. In fact all Kuruba Gowdas are split into two groups depending on which type of thread they use during their marriages. Most other costums and traditions remain the same between these two groups.

"Hatti" is cotton and "Unne" is wool from the sheep. Kankana is the the thread made with either of them and which is tied to the wrist of the groom and bride during their marriage ceremony. Usually the marriage is between the same group of people, that is the Hatti Kankana followers marry the followers of the same custom and vise versa. But in modern times this has not been strictly followed and marriages between Hatti Kankana and Unne Kankana people are common.

The story behind this custom and division of Kuruba Gowdas into two groups goes back to the ancient times many thousands of years ago. An ancestor of Kurubas called "Padma Gonda"(ಪದ್ಮಗೊಂಡ) had two wives, the first wife was a Kuruba Gowdathi and the second wife belonged to the brahmin community. So Padmagonda decides to marry off the children born to his first wife by tying the cotton thread to their wrists and he marries off the children born to his second wife by tying the woollen thread to their wrists, thus heralding the formation of this custom.


  1. Please put some light on hande kuruba.

  2. Hatti Kankana - Those born of Padmagonda and his Kuruba wife (considered pure Kurubas)
    Unne Kankana - Those born of Padmagonda and his Brahmin wife (are hybrid Kurubas).
    In olden days the hatti Kankana were considered superior owing to their pure Kuruba lineage. Modern genetics however proves that offsprings of exogamous relationship (cross between different communities in thus context) are better.
    Also note that the figure Padmagonda is known by different names. For ex. Edgar Thurston in his book "Castes and Tribes of Southern India" mentions this name as Undala Padmanna.

    1. Haaaa Dr vvk padmagond first wife use unni and second wife belong to brahman cast padmagond randi use hatti so unnikankan people belong gharati makkulu and hattikankan people belong randi makkulu firstly read correct history after comment

  3. hatti kankana is considered as excellest when compared to unne kanana........because in haalumata hatti kankana people are called for pooja, taking money or calling them for opening home, business etc......hatti kankana people hands are considered as excellest

  4. Hatti kankana people wear shivalinga,they do pooja of shivalinga and hatti kankana kurubas most of them dont eat non veg....but in modern days most of non eating caste are also voilating......even jain,brhamins, lingayats call hatti kankana kuruba for all functions as because of their hands are excellest (shreshta)......In kurubas haalumata hatti kankana kuruba is considered as shreshta (excellest)

  5. Will our culture allow's marriage between boy belong to hatti kankana with girl belongs to unni kankana?

  6. ಿಿDuring the period of Hande dynasty..some Communities are worked under Hande Lingayat.. Kings.. become a kuruba_Hande Kurua,Muslim_Hande Muslim,Rahutaru_Hande Rahutaru,Johisaru_Hande Johisaru

  7. ಹಂಡೆ ಪಾಳೆಗಾರರ ಕೈ ಕೆಳಗೆ,ಕುರುಬರು,ರಾಹುತರು,ಜೋಹಿಸರು,ಮುಸ್ಲಿಂರು,ಪ್ರಮುಖ ಹುದ್ದೆಗಳಲ್ಲಿ ಕಾರ್ಯ ನಿವ್ರಹಿಸಿದರಿಂದ....ಅಭಿಮಾನ ಪೂ್ರಕವಾಗಿ ತನ್ನ ದೋರೆಗಳ ಹಂಡೆ ರಾಜ್ಯದ .... ಅಭಿಮಾನಕ್ಕೆ ...ಕುರುಬರು#ಹಂಡೆ ಕುರುಬರು...ರಾಹುತರು#ಹಂಡೆ ರಾಹುತರು,ಜೋಹಿಸರು#ಹಂಡೆ ಜೋಹಿಸರು ,ಮುಸ್ಲಿಂರು#ಹಂಡೆ ಮುಸ್ಲಿಂರು ಜಾತಿಗಳು ಕಾಣಬಹುದು

  8. Unnikankan kuruba pure kuruba and hattikankan is hybrid kuruba, maharastra unnikankan called dhanagar mean kuruba and hattikankan called Band dhanagar mean not pure kuruba and unnikankan kuruba largest population in maharastra between hattikankan

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